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Management of coeliac disease: a changing diagnostic approach but what value in follow up?
  1. M Acalovschi,
  2. V Jayanthi,
  3. C S Probert,
  4. J F Mayberry
  1. University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE--To assess the management of patients with coeliac disease in relation to a change in diagnostic method from jejunal suction biopsy to endoscopic biopsy. DESIGN--16 item questionnaire survey of consultant members of the British Society of Gastroenterology. SUBJECTS--359 consultant physician and gastroenterologist members of the society. MAIN MEASURES--Type of routine biopsy; repeat biopsy after gluten withdrawal; gluten rechallenge; follow up measurements; screening for malignancy; and methods of follow up, including special clinics. RESULTS--270(70%) members replied; 216(80%) diagnosed coeliac disease routinely by endoscopic duodenal biopsy, 30(11%) by jejunal capsule biopsy, and the remainder by either method. Only 156(58%) repeated the biopsy after gluten withdrawal, though more did so for duodenal than jejunal biopsies (134/216, 62% v 13/30, 43%; p < 0.02). Follow up biopsies featured more duodenal than jejunal biopsies (133/156, 82% v 23/156, 15%; p < 0.02). Regular follow up included assessments of weight (259, 96%) and full blood count (238, 88%) but limited assessment of serum B-12 and folate (120, 44%) and calcium (105, 39%) concentrations. Routine screening for malignancy is not performed, and there are few specialist clinics. 171(63%) respondents thought that patients should be followed up by a hospital specialist and 58(21%) by family doctors. CONCLUSIONS--The practice of diagnosing coeliac disease varies appreciably from that in many standard texts. Many patients could be effectively cared for by their family doctor. IMPLICATIONS--The British Society of Gastroenterology should support such management by family doctors by providing clear guidelines for them.

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