Qual Saf Health Care 19:i75-i79 doi:10.1136/qshc.2009.036558
  • Original research

A comparative study of safety climate differences in healthcare and the petroleum industry

  1. Karina Aase
  1. University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway
  1. Correspondence to Professor Karina Aase, Department of Health Studies, University of Stavanger, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stavanger N-4036, Norway; karina.aase{at}
  • Accepted 20 January 2010


Aim The aim of this article is to compare safety climate in healthcare and the petroleum industry by collecting empirical evidence of differences between the two sectors.

Methods The Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (HSOPSC) is used to measure the safety climate in two organisations operating in the two different sectors: (1) a large Norwegian university hospital offering a wide range of hospital services and (2) a large Norwegian petroleum company producing oil and gas worldwide.

Results and discussion Statistical analyses supported the expected hypotheses that safety climate is positively related to outcome measures and that the level on safety climate and outcome measures are generally higher in the petroleum sector. Empirical findings indicate that healthcare should learn from the petroleum industry regarding safety improvement efforts, and the implication of this is discussed in the paper.


  • Funding The study is partly funded by the Norwegian Research Council, the participating hospital, and the petroleum company. The funding sources have had no role in the development of this paper.

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.