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Evaluating the effectiveness of an educational and feedback intervention aimed at improving consideration of sex differences in guideline development
  1. D G Keuken1,
  2. J A Haafkens1,
  3. J Mohrs1,
  4. N S Klazinga2,
  5. P J E Bindels3
  1. 1Department of General Practice, Division of Clinical Methods and Public Health, Academic Medical Center-University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2Department of Social Medicine, Division of Clinical Methods and Public Health, Academic Medical Center-University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  3. 3Department of General Practice, Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
  1. Correspondence to Dr Debby G Keuken, Department of General Practice, Division of Clinical Methods and Public Health, Academic Medical Center-University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 15, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; d.g.keuken{at}amc.uva.nl

Abstract

Objectives To investigate the effect of an educational and feedback intervention to enhance consideration of sex differences in clinical guideline development.

Design Preintervention and postintervention questionnaires in intervention and control groups. Content analysis of intervention guidelines and former versions.

Setting Guideline consultants, working-group members and guideline documents of two Dutch guideline-developing organisations.

Main outcome measures Attitudes of guideline developers concerning the importance of considering sex differences and the number of the sex-specific statements in the contents of guideline documents.

Results The attitude of the intervention group did not change significantly relative to the control group. Consideration of sex-related factors within the guidelines increased relative to available previous versions.

Conclusion Education and expert feedback may increase consideration of sex differences in guidelines. Further efforts are needed to implement and test these interventions.

  • Practice guideline
  • sex characteristics
  • attitude
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Footnotes

  • Funding We would like to express our appreciation to the Netherlands Organisation for Health Research and Development for making this study possible (ZonMw; grant no. 36100 028).

  • Competing interests None.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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