Background Readmission to the cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) increases LOS and cost, negatively impacts patient experience, throughput and resource allocation. A review of unplanned readmissions to the CICU identified that transfer of care and monitoring practices were not differentiated based on patient specific risk.
Objectives To increase days since last readmission to the CICU within 48 hours of transfer by defining patients at increased risk and standardizing key transfer processes.
Methods A standardized care process was developed and tested for patients at increased risk of readmission to CICU within 48 hours of transfer. Bundle components included: Patients identified 24 hours prior to transfer; Face to face nurse handoff in the CICU; Standardized team huddle on arrival to ward and prior to overnight hand-off; VS every 2 hours, I/O every 4 hours for 24 hours and RN staffing ratio of 2:1. Statistical process control charts were used to monitor progress.
Results Transfer bundle compliance reached a median of 100%. Days between 48 hour readmissions to CICU increased from an average of 12 days to 45 days. Process control charts demonstrate 3 data points considered special cause after bundle compliance reached 100%.
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