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The value of short and simple measures to assess outcomes for patients of total hip replacement surgery
  1. Ray Fitzpatrick, professor of public health and primary care ,
  2. Richard Morris, senior lecturer in medical statistics ,
  3. Shakoor Hajat, research statistician ,
  4. Barnaby Reeves, director,
  5. David W Murray, consultant orthopaedic surgeon ,
  6. David Hannen, research assistant,
  7. Marianne Rigge, director,
  8. Olwen Williams, consultant in clinical effectiveness ,
  9. Paul Gregg, professor of orthopaedic surgery
  1. Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oxford, Headington, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK
  2. Department of Primary Care & Population Sciences,Royal Free and University College Medical School, London NW3 2PF, UK
  3. Clinical Effectiveness Unit, Royal College of Surgeons, London WC2A 3PN, UK
  4. Nuffield Orthopaedic Hospital, Oxford OX3 7LD, UK
  5. College of Health, London E2 9PL, UK
  6. Public Health Research Unit, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2SP, UK
  7. Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne NE2 4HH, UK
  1. Professor R Fitzpatrick raymond.fitzpatrick{at}


Objectives—To evaluate the performance of a patient assessed outcome measure, the Oxford Hip Score, in a national study of primary hip replacement surgery.

Design—A survey of patients' health status before undergoing primary hip replacement surgery and three months and one year after surgery.

Setting—143 hospitals in three NHS English regions.

Patients—7151 patients admitted for primary total hip replacement surgery over a period of 13 months from September 1996.

Main measures—For patients, Oxford Hip Score and satisfaction with hip replacement and, for surgeons, American Anesthiologists' Society (ASA) classification of physical status.

Results—The response rates to the postal questionnaire at three and 12 months follow up were 85.2% and 80.7%, respectively. Including all three administrations of the questionnaire, all except two items of the Oxford Hip Score were completed by 97% or more respondents and only one item at one administration appeared marginally to reduce the reliability of the score. The effect sizes for changes in the score from baseline to three months was 2.50 and to 12 months was 3.05. Patients rated by surgeons as being healthy preoperatively by the ASA classification were somewhat more likely to return a completed questionnaire at three months (79.4% versus 75.3%) and 12 months (72.4% versus 70.3%) than those rated as having poorer health.

Conclusions—Overall there was little evidence of difficulties for patients in completing the Oxford Hip Score or of unreliable data, except in relation to one questionnaire item. The instrument was very responsive to change over time and score changes for the Oxford Hip Score related well to patients' satisfaction with their surgery. The instrument is an appropriate measure in terms of validity, responsiveness, and feasibility for evaluating total hip replacement from the perspective of the patient.

  • total hip replacement surgery
  • Oxford Hip Score
  • questionnaire
  • assessment

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