Table 3

Universal criteria for good reminders—the five `Cs'

ConspicuousA good reminder must be able to catch the actor's attention at the critical time
ContiguousA good reminder should be positioned as close as possible in time and space to the location of the necessary action
ContextA good reminder should provide information about the “when” and “where” of the item to be remembered
ContentA good reminder should provide sufficient information regarding what has to be done
CountA good reminder should allow the actor to count off the number of discrete actions/tasks that need to be done