Table 3

Mean patient labelling and knowledge scores according to group of drugs dispensed in Botswana primary care and by level of education in dispensing and prescribing staff

N (%)Mean labelling score* (95% CI)Mean knowledge score ** (95% CI)
N=6461 dispensed drugs with information on labelling score; N1=6929 prescribed drugs; n=2994 patients.
*A maximum score of 5 could be obtained.
**A maximum score of 4 could be obtained.
Drug group
    Analgesic1898 (29)3.07 (3.01 to 3.14)2.58 (2.54 to 2.63)
    Neuroleptic 221 (3)3.00 (2.78 to 3.22)2.30 (2.17 to 2.43)
    GI tract and metabolism1319 (20)2.72 (2.64 to 2.80)2.53 (2.47 to 2.58)
    Antibacterial1069 (17)2.39 (2.28 to 2.49)2.39 (2.33 to 2.45)
    Dermatological 374 (6)2.04 (1.89 to 2.19)2.47 (2.37 to 2.57)
    Anti-inflammatory 623 (10)2.77 (2.65 to 2.88)2.43 (2.35 to 2.51)
    Respiratory 292 (5)2.83 (2.66 to 3.00)2.60 (2.49 to 2.70)
    Cardiovascular 218 (3)3.26 (3.07 to 3.45)2.67 (2.53 to 2.82)
    Antiparasitic 131 (2)2.53 (2.28 to 2.78)2.41 (2.26 to 2.57)
    Other 316 (5)2.42 (2.23 to 2.62)2.44 (2.32 to 2.57)
    Total6461 (100)2.75 (2.71 to 2.79)2.50 (2.48 to 2.53)
Dispensing staff
    Nurses/pharmacy technicians2710 (42)2.77 (2.71 to 2.83)2.81 (2.77 to 2.84)
    Family welfare educators 902 (14)3.15 (3.05 to 3.24)2.39 (2.33 to 2.46)
    Untrained staff2849 (44)2.60 (2.55 to 2.66)2.25 (2.21 to 2.28)
    Total6461 (100)2.75 (2.71 to 2.78)2.50 (2.48 to 2.53)
Prescribing staff
    Nursing staff5397 (84)2.78 (2.74 to 2.83)2.51 (2.48 to 2.52)
    Enrolled nurses 806 (12)2.46 (2.36 to 2.57)2.59 (2.52 to 2.65)
    Family welfare educators 258 (4)2.85 (2.68 to 3.04)2.12 (2.04 to 2.71)
    Total6461 (100)2.75 (2.71 to 2.78)2.50 (2.48 to 2.53)