Table 1

Types of evaluations in small scale improvement projects

Research designsAimsApproaches
Focused audit studiesMonitor impact of the activities over timeEvaluation as a component of quality improvement
Developmental studiesIdentify issues and intervene when necessary, develop hypothesesEvaluation linked to action by participants in the case of action research
Multiple case studiesDraw lessons and develop hypothesesCase reports and comparisons across a number of local projects
Process evaluationsExplain the findings of a bigger research projectIn depth analyses of projects as part of a bigger research project