Table 3

Catalogue of Cognitive Errors*

*Modified from Kassirer and Kopelman.13
Faulty “triggering”Faulty “trigger” or hypothesis generation by patient’s complaint or by initial findings
Faulty context formationInability to correctly frame clinical problem
Faulty information gatheringIncludes faulty interpretation of test results, faulty causal model, over reliance on a clinical axiom, etc.
Faulty verificationFailure to exclude other diagnostic possibilities; the final step in confirming the accuracy of a diagnosis.
No fault errorBeyond control of physician