Table 1

 Factors impacting on central venous catheter (CVC) related infections

CVC insertionCVC maintenance
Provider knowledgeProvider knowledge
Proceduralist experienceLine manipulation
Insertion siteHub accessing
Patient positionTubing changes
Hand hygieneInsertion site care
Skin antisepsisDressing and gauze changes
Maximal sterile barriersNurse-to-patient ratio
Number of needle sticksSpecialized line care teams
CVC anchoringCVC removal
Antibiotic impregnated deviceCVC replacement