Table 1

 Summary of students’ responses before (n = 70) and foundation doctors’ response 1 year after the pilot patient safety training module (n = 38) to the Medical Student Patient Safety Questionnaire

SubscaleMean rating*z Scorep Value
Before training (n = 70)After training (n = 38)
*Rating scale: 1, low/disagree strongly; 2, medium low/disagree; 3, average/neutral; 4, medium high/agree; 5, high/strongly agree.
†These sections completed by 37 respondents
General knowledge and feelings
    1. Level of knowledge of patient safety (eight items), eg, different types of error, how to report an error2.43.2†−5.850.00
    2. Knowledge of actions to take (six items), eg, I would know what to say if I made an error2.63.5−6.520.00
    3a. Feelings about making errors part 1 (four items), eg, if I made an error I would expect to feel afraid3.94.0†−0.600.55
    3b. Feelings about making errors part 2 (four items), eg, telling others about an error I made would be difficult3.83.9†−1.080.28
Theory of planned behaviour components
    4. Attitudes to patient safety (attitudes—six items), eg, If I keep learning from my mistakes I can prevent incidents4.04.0†−0.090.92
    5. Safety at the workplace (social norms—six items), eg, the attitude of healthcare managers makes it difficult to report errors3.23.1−1.060.29
    6. Personal influence over safety (perceived control—six items), eg, I don’t know how to address people who have made a mistake3.03.3−3.380.00
    7. Intentions regarding patient safety (intentions—seven items), eg, I plan to report any errors I make at my place of work3.83.8−0.770.44