Table 1 Patient demographics and baseline stroke severity by audit period and treatment in a stroke care unit
Baseline characteristicsPre-programme(n = 703)n (%)Post-programme (PP) (n = 884)n (%)Stroke unit care PP (n = 719) n (%)
Age mean (SD)†74 (14)74 (14)73 (14)
Women‡355 (51)427 (49)343 (48)
Australian§436 (65)587 (69)466 (68)
Married/with partner††313 (51)440 (54)374 (56)
Independent prior to stroke (mRS 0–1)‡475 (69)617 (71)527 (74)*
Atrial fibrillation§156 (24)219 (28)177 (27)
Hypercholesterolaemia§196 (30)263 (33)223 (34)
Hypertension¶413 (62)566 (68)*455 (67)**
Diabetes¶141 (21)184 (23)154 (23)
Ischaemic heart disease¶198 (29)252 (30)201 (29)
Previous TIA¶85 (13)122 (15)92 (14)
Previous stroke¶177 (26)190 (23)145 (21)
Stroke subtypes (Oxford classification)‡
    Ischaemic stroke651 (94)806 (93)663 (94)
    TACI120 (24)138 (26)165 (23)
    PACI206 (41)184 (35)248 (35)
    LACI89 (18)126 (24)177 (25)
    POCI60 (12)58 (11)73 (10)
    Haemorrhagic stroke45 (7)64 (7)44 (6)
Stroke severity (case mix adjustment) variables
Impaired speech (SSS speech score 0,3,6)¶458 (70)590 (69)484 (70)
Weak arm (SSS score 0,2,4 or 5)§522 (77)669 (77)550 (77)
Able to walk on admission (SSS gait score 0, 3 or 6)††219 (36)280 (35)237 (37)
Incontinent <72 h after stroke§318 (47)356 (41)*277 (39)*
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.07.

  • †<1% missing; ‡<3% missing; §<5% missing; ¶<10% missing or unknown; ††<15% missing. LACI, lacunar infarct; mRS, modified Rankin scale; PACI, partial anterior circulation infarct; POCI, posterior circulation infarct; SSS, Scandinavian stroke scale; TACI, total anterior circulation infarct; TIA, transient ischaemic attack.