Table 1

Characteristics of hospitals and interviewees

Site characteristicsPhone interview hospitals (n = 14)Site visit hospitals (n = 6)
Academic affiliation
Interviewee characteristicsPhone interview (n = 38)Site visits (n = 48)
Infection control practitioner156
Physician hospital Epidemiologist or chief of infectious disease55
Other physician leader419
Nurse clinician (clinical nurse specialist, nurse practitioner, emergency room nurse, registered nurse)61
Nursing management (chief, executive, manager)57
Quality management15
Executive officer03
Other (risk manager, project coordinator, respiratory therapy)22
  • Please refer to Krein et al4 for a more detailed breakout.