Table 2 Implementation of patient safety structures, responsibilities and reporting
Structure, responsibility and reportingTotal yes (%)UniversityGeneral with residency trainingGeneral non-teachingp Value
Structure and plan
Aims and mission include patient safety338 (96.8)71 (93.4)161 (98.2)85 (96.6)0.179†
Designated responsibilities for:
    Patient safety255 (74.6)58 (74.4)120 (75.0)57 (67.9)0.467*
    Hospital infections349 (98.9)80 (100.0)161 (98.2)88 (100.0)0.437†
    Blood transfusion321 (94.4)78 (98.7)152 (96.2)73 (88.0)0.007†
    Antibiotics326 (93.9)79 (98.8)151 (93.8)77 (90.6)0.060†
    Decubitus295 (87.0)62 (83.8)143 (89.9)70 (81.4)0.142*
    Clinical waste management332 (95.4)74 (93.7)153 (95.0)84 (96.6)0.709†
Periodic reports on:
    Patient safety199 (92.1)47 (92.2)88 (89.8)48 (94.1)0.720†
    Hospital infections296 (98.7)70 (100.0)132 (99.2)77 (96.3)0.147†
    Blood transfusion258 (93.5)66 (97.1)115 (92.0)62 (91.2)0.322†
    Antibiotics258 (94.5)65 (97.0)114 (94.2)64 (92.8)0.529†
    Decubitus216 (88.5)47 (88.7)101 (89.4)56 (88.9)1.000†
    Clinical waste management250 (89.0)59 (95.2)109 (87.2)65 (84.4)0.111†
Implication of leadership—governing board receives:
    Report on complication registration160 (50.5)41 (60.3)69 (44.2)39 (52.0)0.079*
    Incidence/adverse events209 (63.9)43 (60.6)94 (60.3)58 (71.6)0.196*
Implication of leadership—clinical committee receives:
    Report on complication registration169 (63.3)39 (69.6)71 (56.3)45 (66.2)0.165*
    Incidence/adverse events198 (71.0)38 (64.4)89 (67.9)56 (77.8)0.201*
  • 2 test; †Fisher exact test.