Table 1

Inter-rater agreement on inclusion of publications as quality improvement intervention evaluations

Publication feature assessed through secondary screenerThree-way kappa across three reviewer pairsNo (%) of publications on which three reviewer pairs agreedNo (%) of publications on which reviewers disagreed on the presence or absence of the feature
Feature was presentFeature was absent
Did the article report on development, implementation, or evaluation of a quality improvement intervention?0.04116/22 (73%)0/226/22 (27%)
Quality improvement intervention refers to: an effort to change/improve the clinical structure, process, and/or outcomes of care by means of an organisational or structural change