Table 1

Characteristics of patients, nurses and physicians

CharacteristicPatients (n=342)Nurses (n=140)Physicians (n=42)
Mean age (SD), y59.2 (18.6)32.9 (8.9)30.0 (4.2)
Women, n (%)189 (55.3)129 (92.1)23 (54.8)
Race/ethnicity, n (%)*
 White114 (50.2)87 (62.6)18 (45.0)
 Black77 (33.9)7 (5.0)1 (2.5)
 Hispanic or Latino18 (7.9)8 (5.8)0 (0)
 Asian2 (0.9)36 (25.9)17 (42.5)
 Other16 (7.0)1 (0.7)4 (10.0)
Median years since professional school graduation (IQR)NA4.5 (2–11)2 (1–6)
Median years at hospital (IQR)NA3 (1.5–6)2 (1–3.5)
Mean number of patients on day of interview (SD)NA4.1 (0.7)9.7 (3.3)
  • NA, not applicable.

  • * N for patients and nurses, respectively, was 227 and 139 due to missing data.

  • N=310 for nurses and 301 for physicians.