Table 1

Healthcare settings in which lean has been applied

Healthcare settingArticles
Hospital settings
 Diagnostic units16 20 24 26 28 30–33 38 41 43
 Hospital departments17 19 25 27 35 48
 Hospital in-patient care units18 23 24 29 34 45
 Parallel applications in multiple hospital-based units19 24 35 40 44 45
 Multiple hospital-based units in collaboration35 39 40 44 47
 Hospital-based pharmacy35 46
Non-hospital settings
 Parallel applications in multiple units within a healthcare network21 22 37 42
 Non-hospital clinic36