Table 1

Safety Attitudes Questionnaire item descriptives

Percentage item missing dataMean±SDPercentage agree (min agree–max agree)Percentage disagree (min disagree–max disagree)Factor loading
Teamwork climate
 Nurse input is well received in this clinical area2.43.76±1.1068 (55–84)15 (4–20)0.53
 In this clinical area, it is difficult to speak up if I perceive a problem with patient care (reversed scores presented=‘higher is better’)2.83.38±1.4049 (8–60)34 (25–59)0.29
 Disagreements in this clinical area are appropriately resolved (ie, not who is right but what is best for the patient)2.53.30±1.3548 (32–69)28 (12–42)0.68
 I have the support I need from other personnel to care for patients2.43.58±1.1660 (42–82)18 (6–28)0.63
 It is easy for personnel in this clinical area to ask questions when there is something that they do not understand3.53.85±1.0968 (55–81)13 (5–22)0.62
 The physicians and nurses here work together as a well-coordinated team2.43.54±1.1959 (44–75)19 (12–26)0.70
Safety climate
 I would feel safe being treated here as a patient1.43.69±1.2366 (56–89)18 (2–28)0.62
 Medical errors are handled appropriately in this clinical area0.93.86±1.1669 (52–81)15 (4–26)0.57
 I receive appropriate feedback about my performance2.42.48±1.3827 (13–61)53 (19–75)0.66
 In this clinical area, it is difficult to discuss errors (reversed scores presented=‘higher is better’)2.13.10±1.3539 (5–50)38 (29–50)0.27
 I am encouraged by my colleagues to report any patient safety concerns I may have.3.73.32±1.2349 (31–70)24 (12–44)0.56
 The culture in this clinical area makes it easy to learn from the errors of others6.23.23±1.2045 (24–60)25 (12–39)0.43
 I know the proper channels to direct questions regarding patient safety in this clinical area3.33.18±1.3246 (35–66)30 (12–37)0.54
Job satisfaction
 I like my job2.14.36±0.8887 (78–96)5 (0–9)0.32
 Working in this hospital is like being part of a large family2.13.05±1.4346 (31–74)35 (12–48)0.70
 This hospital is a good place to work2.93.07±1.3445 (35–74)33 (9–44)0.74
 I am proud to work at this hospital2.73.12±1.3545 (34–72)32 (13–45)0.76
 Morale in this clinical area is high3.33.22±1.3148 (29–68)28 (15–42)0.64
Stress recognition
 Fatigue impairs my performance during emergency situations (eg, emergency resuscitation, haemorrhaging)2.03.82±1.2870 (60–79)18 (3–26)0.47
 When my workload becomes excessive, my performance is impaired2.14.05±1.2075 (60–85)14 (7–21)0.63
 I am less effective at work when fatigued1.83.96±1.2275 (56–87)16 (7–30)0.78
 I am more likely to make errors in tense or hostile situations1.83.51±1.4361 (41–72)26 (10–43)0.63
Perceptions of management
 Hospital administration supports my daily efforts2.32.45±1.3426 (12–68)54 (19–75)0.78
 Hospital management does not knowingly compromise the safety of patients2.53.90±1.2569 (57–88)15 (3–22)0.50
 The levels of staffing in this clinical area are sufficient to handle the number of patients1.62.24±1.4326 (10–56)63 (17–82)0.43
 I am provided with adequate, timely information about events in the hospital that might affect my work3.82.78±1.3636 (17–61)44 (16–55)0.60
Working conditions
 This hospital does a good job of training new personnel1.23.22±1.3352 (34–88)32 (5–49)0.57
 All the necessary information for diagnostic and therapeutic decisions is routinely available to me2.13.58±1.1763 (47–85)20 (8–34)0.55
 This hospital constructively deals with problem physicians and employees4.22.58±1.3329 (11–63)47 (18–69)0.66
 Trainees in my discipline are adequately supervised4.93.37±1.2654 (29–72)25 (9–51)0.57
  • Table 1 provides general descriptive information at the item level (Likert scale: 1=disagree strongly, 2=disagree slightly, 3=neutral, 4=agree slightly, 5=agree strongly), percentage missing data, overall mean (SD), overall percentage agree (minimum agree-maximum agree by hospital), overall percentage disagree (minimum disagree-maximum disagree by hospital) and standardised factor loading.