Table 1

Hospital (n=34) and patient (n=2020) sample characteristics

Hospital characteristicsn (%)
Number of staffed beds*
 <2500
 250–50012 (35.3)
 >50020 (58.8)
Geographical region
 West9 (26.5)
 Midwest9 (26.5)
 Northeast9 (26.5)
 Southeast5 (14.7)
 Southwest2 (5.9)
*Not all totals equal to 34 hospitals due to missing data
Patient characteristicsReadmitted (n=1039)Not readmitted (n=981)p-Value
Age, mean (SD)63.1 (18.7)62.8 (18.3)0.81
Men, n (%)512 (49.3)480 (48.9)0.88
Index admission diagnosis, n (%)1.00
 Acute myocardial infarction55 (5.3)54 (5.5)
 Heart failure147 (14.2)138 (14.1)
 Pneumonia58 (5.6)52 (5.3)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease121 (11.7)117 (12.0)
 Psychological150 (14.3)139 (14.2)
 Renal failure153 (14.7)142 (14.5)
 Septicemia127 (12.2)118 (12.0)
 Bowel procedure130 (12.5)124 (12.6)
 Orthopaedic98 (9.4)97 (9.9)
Severity of illness, n (%)0.27
 Minor81 (7.8)101 (10.3)
 Moderate292 (28.1)264 (26.9)
 Major471 (45.3)439 (44.8)
 Severe195 (18.8)177 (18.0)
Race/ethnicity, n (%)0.47
 White663 (63.8)633 (64.5)
 African American214 (20.6)192 (19.6)
 Hispanic83 (3.1)87 (8.9)
 Asian8 (0.8)2 (0.2)
 Native American8 (0.8)12 (1.20)
 Other31 (3.0)31 (3.0)
Insurance status, n (%)<0.001
 None/self-pay32 (3.1)51 (5.2)
 Private165 (15.9)176 (17.4)
 Medicaid164 (15.8)121 (12.3)
 Medicare637 (61.3)586 (59.7)
 Other41 (4.0)47 (4.8)
Discharge disposition0.34
 Home with self/family care532 (51.2)524 (53.4)
 Home with services224 (21.6)204 (20.8)
 Long-term care or residential care facility233 (22.4)216 (22.0)
 Inpatient rehabilitation34 (3.3)19 (1.9)
 Other (prison, homeless shelter)16 (1.5)18 (1.8)
  • Difference testing was conducted with csquare for categorical predictors and Student's t test for continuous predictors.