Table 2

Characteristics of group members who did or did not make safety suggestions

CharacteristicGroups*
Workforce staffWorkforce managersPatient-safety specialists
Made suggestions: χ2=84.60, df 2, p=0.000Yes: 536 (44.1%); no: 678 (55.8%)Yes: 245 (57.8%); no: 179 (42.2%)Yes: 109 (83.2%); no: 22 (16.8%)
Mean no of suggestions made by all group membersMean 1.12Mean 1.55Mean=2.14
ANOVA: F=43.06, df 2,1766, p=0.000SD 1.35SD 1.41SD 1.22
Post hoc comparisons: specialists>managers>staff, p<0.001n=1214n=424n=131
Professional background of ‘engaged’ participantsYes: 416 (53.2%); no: 366 (46.8%)Yes: 179 (64.9%); no: 97 (35.1%)Yes: 85 (84.2%); no: 16 (15.8%)
Clinical professionYes: 116 (27.8%); no: 302 (72.2%)Yes: 65 (45.4%); no: 78 (54.5%)Yes: 18 (85.7%); no: 3 (14.3%)
Non-clinical professionχ2=71.47, df 1, p=0.000χ2=14.58, df 1, p=0.000χ2=0.03, df 1, p=0.858
Mean no of suggestions by ‘engaged’ group membersMean 2.55Mean 2.69Mean 2.58
ANOVA: F=3.71, df 2887, p=0.025SD 0.73SD 0.63SD 0.81
Post hoc comparisons: managers>staff, p<0.02Suggestions=1366Suggestions=659Suggestions=281
  • * A few participants failed to answer all items, so the numbers above are lower than the sample size.