Table 1

Details of the populations served and demographics of patients treated by the Heart of England and the University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire kidney service between 1990 and 2010

Heart of England NHS Foundation Trust kidney service (intervention population)University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire kidney service (control population)
Population servedc. 800 000c. 800 000
% of population with type 2 diabetes achieving maximum recommended BP in 2008–2009 National Diabetes Audit5East and north Birmingham43.3%Coventry48.7%
Solihull43.0%Warwickshire47.7%
South Staffordshire51.3%
Patients with diabetes starting KRT 1990–2010
Total number499503
% Males62.5%62.0%
EthnicityCaucasiann=31062.1%Caucasiann=36472.4%
Indo-Asian14729.5%Indo-Asian12725.2%
African-American367.2%African-American112.2%
Other61.2%Other10.2%
Mean age at start of KRT (years)61.7561.79
  • BP, blood pressure; KRT, kidney replacement therapy.