Table 2

Association between SAQ and HSOPS (individual level)

SurveyDimensionMeanSD12345678910111213141516
1 SAQTeamwork4.020.850.81
2 SAQSafety4.070.790.77*0.84
3 HSOPSExpectations3.830.830.65*0.61*0.81
4 HSOPSOrganisational learning3.790.780.55*0.62*0.50*0.75
5 HSOPSTeamwork within4.020.780.52*0.49*0.38*0.45*0.87
6 HSOPSCommunication3.650.820.65*0.64*0.61*0.56*0.45*0.75
7 HSOPSFeedback3.740.860.59*0.71*0.53*0.57*0.38*0.58*0.82
8 HSOPSNon-punitive2.830.960.52*0.53*0.58*0.45*0.38*0.51*0.42*0.80
9 HSOPSStaffing3.180.890.49*0.50*0.48*0.54*0.36*0.47*0.40*0.54*0.62
10 HSOPSManagement support3.600.950.64*0.68*0.57*0.62*0.35*0.48*0.60*0.45*0.55*0.79
11 HSOPSTeamwork across3.490.780.60*0.58*0.49*0.50*0.38*0.42*0.51*0.40*0.44*0.60*0.75
12 HSOPSHandoffs3.310.840.44*0.50*0.43*0.46*0.38*0.42*0.52*0.37*0.38*0.52*0.68*0.83
13 HSOPS outcomeEvent reporting3.690.920.41*0.44*0.24*0.34*0.160.43*0.62*0.22*0.27*0.40*0.32*0.29*0.89
14 HSOPS outcomeOverall perceptions3.360.850.59*0.63*0.58*0.66*0.39*0.50*0.60*0.55*0.67*0.72*0.56*0.53*0.39*0.76
15 HSOPS outcomeNo. events reported0.830.930.01−0.070.02−0.100.140.05−0.100.120.07−0.15−0.06−0.04−0.04−0.04NA
16 HSOPS outcomeSafety grade3.750.900.64*0.65*0.52*0.61*0.40*0.56*0.56*0.40*0.52*0.64*0.51*0.46*0.42*0.70*−0.10NA
  • n=231. Dimensions 1–12 are predictors; dimensions 13–16 are outcomes. Cronbach's α is reported in bold on the diagonal.

  • * Signifies significant correlations at p<0.05.

  • HSOPS, Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture; NA, not applicable; SAQ, Safety Attitudes Questionnaire.