Table 4

Pre-Attitudes and post-Attitudes, Motivation, Utility and Self-Efficacy (AMUSE) and the TeamSTEPPS Teamwork Attitudes Questionnaire (TAQ) Totals and subscores

Pre-AttitudesPost-AttitudesPairedEffect
InstrumentsMean (95% CI)Mean (95% CI)t testSize d
AMUSE Total (n=149)3.92 (3.85 to 3.98)4.21 (4.13 to 4.29)0.0000.70
 Attitudes4.30 (4.20 to 4.40)4.56 (4.46 to 4.65)0.0000.65
 Motivation3.64 (3.55 to 3.73)4.01 (3.90 to 4.11)0.0000.40
 Utility4.05 (3.96 to 415)4.46 (4.36 to 4.56)0.0000.70
 Self efficacy3.68 (3.60 to 3.76)3.80 (3.71 to 3.89)0.0050.23
TeamSTEPPS Total (n=149)4.02 (3.97 to 4.07)4.16 (4.09 to 4.23)0.0000.32
 Team structure4.34 (4.27 to 4.41)4.48 (4.40 to 4.57)0.0020.26
 Leadership4.55 (4.48 to 4.62)4.63 (4.55 to 4.72)0.062*
 Situation monitoring4.33 (4.25 to 4.40)4.52 (4.43 to 4.61)0.0000.35
 Mutual support3.01 (2.94 to 3.07)3.14 (3.06 to 3.23)0.0030.24
 Communication3.90 (3.84 to 3.96)4.03 (3.95 to 4.10)0.0020.26
  • *Effect size not computed for non-significant values.

  • All questions were scored on a scale from 1=‘Strongly Disagree’, to 5=‘Strongly Agree’.

  • TEAMstepps, Team Strategies and Tools to Enhance Performance and Patient Safety.