Table 3

Patient safety climate scale scores at baseline and 12 months after randomisation for intervention and control groups

ScaleAt baselineAt 12 monthsGroup comparison at 12 months
Intervention (n=28)Control (n=32)Intervention (n=28)Control (n=32)CP95% CIp Value
Team work climate4.27 (0.44)4.19 (0.38)4.25 (0.37)4.22 (0.34)0.51(0.37 to 0.66)0.847
Error management4.04 (0.34)3.96 (0.43)4.25 (0.37)4.12 (0.47)0.57(0.42 to 0.71)0.378
Safety of clinical processes4.62 (0.21)4.49 (0.24)4.61 (0.25)4.53 (0.21)0.61(0.46 to 0.75)0.161
Perception of causes of error2.69 (0.42)2.86 (0.31)2.72 (0.37)2.87 (0.39)0.37(0.22 to 0.52)0.087
Job satisfaction4.69 (0.29)4.72 (0.24)4.63 (0.35)4.68 (0.25)0.48(0.33 to 0.63)0.789
Safety of practice structure4.61 (0.28)4.58 (0.30)4.54 (0.40)4.61 (0.28)0.48(0.33 to 0.62)0.744
Receptiveness to healthcare assistants and patients4.02 (0.43)4.05 (0.34)4.03 (0.35)4.08 (0.38)0.44(0.30 to 0.59)0.458
Staff perception of management4.19 (0.55)4.11 (0.48)4.05 (0.59)4.08 (0.50)0.48(0.33 to 0.63)0.807
Quality and safety of medical processes4.12 (0.44)3.92 (0.47)4.24 (0.47)4.03 (0.45)0.62(0.47 to 0.76)0.115
  • Mean and SD are presented for all safety climate scales.

  • Scale scores on an individual level were calculated when a participant responded to at least 75% of the items relating to a specific scale (scales ranged from 1 ‘strongly disagree’ to 5 ‘strongly agree’ or from 1 ‘never’ to 5 ‘always’). Scores were calculated as the mean of the scale's items. Safety climate scores on a practice level were calculated as the mean of the respective team members’ scores. Higher scores signify a more positive safety climate.