Table 1

Template for the HANDOVER Quality Assurance Report

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1. How were the data collected?
2. Could the evidence (field work notes, interview transcripts, recordings, documentary analysis, etc.) be inspected independently by others?
3. How were themes and concepts identified from the data?
4. Who conducted the interviews, focus groups, process mapping, and artefact analyses?
5. Was the analysis repeated by more than one researcher to ensure reliability?
6. How were participants selected? for example, purposive, convenience, consecutive, snowball
7. Method of approach—How were participants approached? eg,face-to-face, telephone, mail, email
8. Sample size—How many participants were in the study? How many people refused to participate or dropped out?
9. Interview guide
 a. Were questions, prompts, guides provided by the authors?
 b. Was it pilot tested?
 c. Is it being made available?
10. Focus group guide
 a. Were questions, prompts, guides provided by the authors?
 b. Was it pilot tested?
 c. Is it being made available?
11. Audio/visual recording—Did the research use audio or visual recording to collect the data?
12. How many data coders coded the data?
13. Were participant quotations presented to illustrate the themes/findings?
  • Adapted from: Mays et al17 and Tong et al.18