Table 1

Resilience strategies with examples for adherence (adapted from Furniss et al17)

Resilience strategyDefinitionExample
Cue creation to support prospective memoryA cue is created as a reminder about something in the futureSetting an alarm to remember to take medication at a particular time
Premature-completion awarenessAction is taken as a reminder about ‘X’ after the main goal has been achieved, where ‘X’ is normally a secondary taskLeaving used and empty medication packaging out, rather than putting it straight into the bin, as a reminder to order more if it is needed
Pre-emptive separation and disambiguationThings are separated or differentiated so they are not mixed upMoving similar looking pills into monitored dosing boxes or labelling them in a different and salient way
Precommitment checkThings are checked before committing to a course of actionMaking sure all the parts for home nebulisation of drugs are present before starting the procedure
Managing resource availabilityResources are managed so they are available for actionHaving medication at work and at home just in case it is forgotten at one location
Routine adjustmentRoutine is adjusted in response to a threat or opportunityAdjusting time of taking medicines when travelling between time zones
Safety reinforcementWhere some safety barrier, procedure or practice is reinforcedDouble checking blood glucose levels and insulin dosage before injecting