Table 2

Case study sites and professions

MedicineNursingPharmacyPhysiotherapy
Site ASite DSite BSite ESite BSite CSite BSite D
QualificationBachelor of Medicine and SurgeryBachelor of Medicine and SurgeryBachelor of Nursing with honoursBachelor of Nursing with honoursMaster of PharmacyMaster of PharmacyBSc PhysiotherapyBSc course in Occupational Therapy and Physiotherapy
Length5 years5 years3 years3 years4 years4 years3 years3 years
StructureIntegrated, systems-based spiral structure, with two-thirds dedicated to core contentStrong emphasis on interdisciplinary workingModular structure and core competencies focused on outcomes and including practice placementsModular structure and core competencies focused on outcomes and including practice placementsStudents study six full modules each yearMajority of modules are compulsoryYear 1 serves as a foundation year.
Year 2 contains clinical placements and inter-professional modules.
Modular, credit based course with some of the modules being studied by occupational therapists, physiotherapists, and speech and language therapists together
Teaching methodsTraditional teaching and learning methods predominateOutcomes-led, self-directed and small group learning methods predominate50% theory and 50% practice50% theory and 50% practiceTeaching is mostly conducted through lectures, laboratory classes, seminars and tutorialsA variety of teaching and learning approaches are used.
As a formal part of third and fourth year studies, students attend fortnightly clinically focussed problem-based learning tutorials in the hospital setting.
Commitment to inter-professional learning.
Clinical placements in all years and between two and 6 weeks duration.
Emphasis on problem solving and the use of reflective practice and portfolios.
Approximately a third of the course is spent on practice placements.
Strong emphasis on interdisciplinary working and teaching.