Table 3

Broader aspects of patient safety and comfort in speaking up about patient safety for medical students

Medical student (n=255)Mean (SD)
1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree)
Agree/strongly agree n (%)
Broader aspects of patient safety
As a student, my scope of practice is very clear to me3.2 (1.0)123 (48.4)
There is consistency in how patient safety issues are dealt with by different preceptors in the clinical/simulation setting3.0 (1.0)*89 (35.2)
I have sufficient opportunity to learn and interact with members of interdisciplinary teams3.4 (1.0)*143 (56.5)
I am gaining a solid understanding that reporting adverse events and close calls can lead to change and can reduce recurrence of events3.2 (1.1)111 (44.0)
Patient safety is well integrated into the overall programme3.3 (1.0)116 (45.8)
Clinical aspects of patient safety (eg, hand hygiene, transferring patients, medication safety) are well covered in our programme3.7 (1.0)158 (62.7)
‘System’ aspects of patient safety are well covered in our programme (eg, aspects of the organisation, management, or the work environment including policies, resources, communication and other processes)2.8 (1.0)*62 (24.4)
Comfort in speaking up about patient safety
If I see someone engaging in unsafe care practice in the clinical setting, I feel I can approach them3.0 (1.0)*96 (37.8)
If I make a serious error, I worry that I will face disciplinary action3.6 (1.0)169 (66.8)
It is difficult to question the decisions or actions of those with more authority4.1 (0.8)215 (85.0)
  • *Significant differences (p<0.05) across the year in the programme.