Table 1

Initial assessment and injury severity score according to pre-hospital management (exclusion of 74 patients with cardiac arrest in the pre-hospital phase)

All patientsPre-hospital managementp Value
(n=2629)Basic life support by fire brigade (n=190)Advanced life support by EP (n=2439)
Respiratory rate (min−1)*
Systolic blood pressure* (mmHg)
Injury severity score
  • ICU, intensive care unit; GCS, Glasgow coma scale.

  • * Data were missing in some patients for GCS scale (n=75), abnormal pupils (n=109), SpO2 (n=117) systolic blood pressure (n=80), mean blood pressure (n=82) and respiratory rate (n=28).