Table 1

Interruption handling strategies proposed or observed

Author, yearDomainInterruption management
Brixey et al (2007)23Theoretical model of interruption
  • Declined

  • Accepted24

    • Immediate

    • Negotiated

    • Mediated

    • Scheduled

Collins et al (2007)25Observation: use of computerised order entry system and clinical information system by clinicians
  • Interruption

  • Continued multi-tasking

  • Deferred task

Biron et al (2009)24Observation: nurses during medication administration
  • Immediate

  • Scheduled

Liu et al (2009)8Observation of simulation: anaesthetist in OR
  • Engaging

  • Multi-tasking

  • Deferring

  • Blocking

  • Grundgeiger et al (2010)11

Observation: nurses in adult ICU
  • Acknowledging

  • Multi-tasking

  • Interrupting

  • ICU, intensive care unit; OR, operating room.