TableĀ 1

Characteristics of case study hospitals

Hospital identifier and characteristicsImplemented systemTime frame of implementation
Site A: urban, acute careCommercial ePrescribing system
ePrescribing not part of a hospital-wide information system
Began implementation in 2010
Site B: rural, acute care, teachingCommercial ePrescribing system
ePrescribing as part of an integrated hospital information system
Began implementation in 2009
Site C: urban, acute care, teachingCommercial ePrescribing system
ePrescribing as a stand-alone application
Interfaces built to enable interoperability with the wider hospital information system
Began implementation in 2013
Site D: urban, acute care, teachingCommercial ePrescribing system
ePrescribing as part of an integrated hospital information system
Began implementation in 2014
Site E: urban, acute care, teachingCommercial ePrescribing system
ePrescribing as part of an integrated hospital information system
Began implementation in 2014