Table 1

Summary of data collection sites

SiteSite/system characteristicsData collection
AUrban, acute care, university hospital, 330 000 patients per year, standalone applicationTime 1 (post-implementation): 23 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team
Time 2 (post-implementation): 8 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team (5 interviewed before)
12.5 hours of observations of strategic meetings and system use; 9 documents
CUrban, acute care, university hospital, 750 000 patients per year, standalone applicationTime 1 (pre-implementation): 13 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team
Time 2 (go-live): 18 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team (8 interviewed before)
Time 3 (post-implementation): 20 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team (10 interviewed before)
11 hours of observations of strategic meetings and system use; 32 documents
DUrban, acute care, university hospital, 3 500 000 patients per year, integrated system including clinical decision support (CDS) systemTime 1 (post-implementation): 21 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team
Time 2 (post-implementation): 11 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team (11 interviewed before)
9 hours of observations of strategic meetings and system use; 1 document
EUrban, acute care, 550 000 patients per year, standalone applicationTime 1 (pre-implementation): 18 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team
Time 2 (pre-implementation): 7 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team (1 interviewed before)
Time 3 (pre-implementation): 10 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team (3 interviewed before)
Four observations of strategic meetings and system use
JUrban, acute care, university hospital, 3 000 000 patients per year, integrated application including CDS systemTime 1 (pre-implementation): 24 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team
Time 2 (go-live): 17 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team (8 interviewed before)
Time 3 (post-implementation): 17 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team (12 interviewed before)
13 documents
KUrban, acute care, university hospital, 540 000 patients per year, integrated application including CDS systemTime 1 (pre-implementation): 15 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team
Time 2 (go-live): 12 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team (10 interviewed before)
Time 3 (post-implementation): 8 interviews with clinical staff and implementation team (6 interviewed before)