Table 1

Patient characteristics in the two study groups

CharacteristicsUsual care
n=698
e-DCT
n=701
Male373 (53.4%)377 (46.6%)
Mean age (SD)59.1 (17.9)58.8 (17.9)
Ethnicity
 Caucasian555 (79.5%)548 (78.2%)
 Non-Caucasian*143 (20.5%)153 (21.8%)
Current marital status
 Married/common-law388 (55.6%)380 (54.2%)
 Other†310 (44.4%)321 (45.8%)
Education
 High school or lower190 (27.2%)200 (28.5%)
 High school160 (22.9%)165 (23.5%)
 College/University337 (48.3%)329 (46.9%)
 Undetermined11 (1.6%)7 (1.0%)
Current work status
 Full/Part-time198 (28.4%)211 (30.1%)
 Other‡500 (71.6%)490 (69.9%)
Patient has a family physician619 (88.7%)619 (88.7%)
Patient lives alone156 (22.4%)181 (25.8%)
History of alcohol abuse172 (24.6%)177 (25.3%)
History of illicit substance abuse65 (9.3%)67 (9.6%)
Number of comorbidities, median (IQR)2.0 (0.5–3.5)2.0 (0.5–3.5)
Diabetes with organ damage166 (23.8%)158 (22.5%)
Chronic pulmonary disease145 (20.8%)166 (23.7%)
Liver disease126 (18.1%)118 (16.8%)
Renal disease117 (16.8%)124 (17.7%)
Congestive heart failure101 (14.5%)95 (13.6%)
Mean Charlson Index score (SD)6.98 (4.11)7.11 (4.10)
Main diagnosis
 Multiple diagnoses472 (67.6%)423 (60.3%)
 Respiratory28 (4.0%)60 (8.6%)
 Infections28 (4.0%)41 (5.9%)
 Renal/Kidney29 (4.2%)30 (4.3%)
 Metabolic/Electrolyte disorders30 (4.3%)24 (3.4%)
 Cardiac29 (4.2%)27 (3.9%)
 Loss of consciousness18 (2.6%)29 (4.1%)
 Rheumatology14 (2.0%)14 (2.0%)
 GI/Hepatic9 (1.3%)15 (2.1%)
 Poison/Toxic12 (1.7%)12 (1.7%)
 Deep vein thrombosis/pulmonary embolism7 (1.0%)5 (0.7%)
 Diagnoses unavailable22 (3.2%)20 (2.9%)
Health status: Health Utilities Index, overall score HUI3, mean (SD)0.31 (0.32)
n=566
0.29 (0.33)
n=564
  • *Includes Asian, East Indian, First Nations, Black, Hispanic, South Asian, West Indian and other ethnicity.

  • †Includes separated/divorced, widow and unmarried.

  • ‡Includes retired, with disability, unemployed and student.

  • e-DCT, electronic discharge communication tool.