Table 3

Ward round characteristics and observed participation

Behaviour observedCategoryCPS active
n (%)
CPS shared
n (%)
CPS passive
n (%)
Number of WR(n=113)34 (30)26 (23)53 (46.9)
Site 1(n=70)21 (30)19 (27.1)30 (42.8)
Site 2(n=43)13 (30.2)7 (16.3)23 (53.4)
Number of WRs observed per patientOne ward round4 (25)5 (38.4)5 (22.7)
Two ward rounds7 (43.8)3 (23.1)7 (31.8)
Three ward rounds5 (31.25)5 (38.5)11 (50)
Number of staff present for WRsRange2–122–112–11
Patient participation
 Patient participation observed during WRYes25 (83.3)19 (82.6)41 (77.4)
 Patient participation observed in all stages of WRYes6 (17.6)5 (19.2)27 (50.9)
Teamwork
 Patient contributed information during WR.Yes20 (59)17 (65.4)40 (75.5)
 Patient was given specific information by clinicians.Yes16 (47.1)14 (53.8)34 (64.2)
 Plain (non-technical) language usedNo22 (64.7)12 (46.2)32 (60.4)
 Potentially sensitive information was shared with patient.Yes15 (44.1)13 (50)19 (35.8)
 A decision was made/care planned during WR.Yes26 (76.5)20 (76.9)41 (77.4)
Patient-centred care
Timing of engagementBeginning (entry)16 (47.1)11 (42.3)41 (77.4)
Middle (process)7 (20.6)6 (23.1)4 (7.5)*
Near end (exit)3 (8.8)*1 (3.8)*
 Initial patient participation prompted by

Patient (self)4 (11.8)5 (19.2)8 (15.1)
Clinician18 (52.9)13 (50)30 (56.6)
Both3 (8.8)1 (3.8)3 (5.7)
Clinician observed to prompt patient contribution  Medical21 (61.8)12 (46.2)28 (52.8)
Nurse8 (23.5)11 (42.3)22 (41.5)
 Patient preference was elicited.Yes3 (8.8)4 (7.5)
 Patients asked if they had any questions.Yes15 (44.1)11 (42.3)19 (35.8)
 Patient contributed to decisions during WR.Yes7 (20.6)2 (7.7)11 (20.8)
  • *Excludes missing data.

  • CPS, Control Preference Scale; WR, ward round.