Resident-level characteristics | Total n=102 807 |

Female | 71 598 (69.6%) |

Age (mean±SD) | 85.54±7.54 |

Charlson comorbidity score (mean±SD) | 1.19±1.65 |

Psychosis, n (proportion) | 5050 (4.9%) |

Dementia, n (proportion) | 88 946 (86.5%) |

Neither psychosis nor dementia, n (proportion) | 13 338 (13.0%) |

Level of function (activities of daily living) (mean±SD) | 15.79±7.37 |

Pain score (mean±SD) | 0.49±0.73 |

Depression rating score (mean±SD) | 1.90±2.26 |

Aggressive behaviour scale (mean±SD) | 1.31±2.12 |

Physician characteristics (n=1960) | |

Residents with female physician, n (proportion) | 20 436 (19.9%) |

Age (mean±SD) | 57.70±10.86 |

Years in practice (mean±SD) | 31.38±11.60 |

Nursing home characteristics (n=636) | |

Home size (beds) (mean±SD) | 161.42±80.80 |

Residents in rural home, n (proportion) | 14 071 (13.7%) |

Residents in home with for-profit ownership, n (proportion) | 59 629 (58.0%) |