Table 2

Performance scores 3 months before (pre-intervention) and 6 months after implementation of the intervention, and difference in performance between the feedback-only and feedback-with-toolbox group for the primary and secondary outcomes

Feedback onlyFeedback with toolbox
Crude pre-intervention performance*Crude performance after 6 months†OR (95% CI) at 6 monthsCrude pre-intervention performance*Crude performance after 6 months†OR (95% CI) at 6 months
Adequate pain management (primary outcome)69.3% (25 436/36 713)74.1% (27 128/36 617) 1.04 ( 1.00 to 1.09) 59.8% (18 728/31 334)74.5% (19 789/26 551) 1.13 ( 1.06 to 1.22)
Secondary outcomes
 Performing pain measurements79.3% (29 115/36 713)82.7% (30 269/36 617) 1.04 ( 1.00 to 1.09) 67.5% (21 138/31 334)83.1% (22 062/26 551) 1.24 ( 1.15 to 1.34) §
 Re-measuring unacceptable pain within 1 hour18.6% (804/4318)23.7% (903/3811) 1.15 ( 1.06 to 1.25) 14.3% (390/2735)24.7% (714/2889) 1.26 ( 1.08 to 1.47)
 Acceptable pain scores85.2% (24 797/29 115)87.4% (26 458/30 269)0.99 (0.93 to 1.05)87.1% (18 403/21 138)86.9% (19 173/22 062)1.08 (0.97 to 1.20)
 Unacceptable pain score normalised within 1 hour79.5% (639/804)74.2% (670/903)0.71 (0.55 to 0.92)83.3% (325/390)86.3% (616/714)1.44 (0.79 to 2.56)
  • ORs associated with a 6-month increase in time; significant results are shown in bold.

  • *Pre-intervention performance includes 3 months before implementation of the intervention.

  • †Performance after 6 months includes months 3 to 6 after implementation of the intervention.

  • ‡Significantly different from the feedback-only group with p=0.049.

  • §Significantly different from the feedback-only group with p<0.001.