Table 2

Article settings and team types

AuthorSettingTeam typeTeam size/composition
Allan et al4624-bed dedicated paediatric cardiac intensive care unit (USA).Paediatric cardiac intensive care teams.Nurses (n=127).
Cardiology, cardiac surgery and cardiac critical care fellows (n=44).
Paediatric cardiac intensive care unit attending physicians (n=6).
Respiratory therapists (n=2).
Nurse practitioners (n=3).
Aveling et al39Lung cancer teams in 30 National Health Service hospitals (UK).Lung cancer teams.Minimum requirement of:
A clinical lead (physician).
A clinical nurse specialist.
A multidisciplinary team coordinator.
Carroll et al25Intensive care unit in a tertiary referral and teaching hospital (Australia).Intensive care unit teams.Included clinical specialists, specialist intensivists, nurses and allied health professionals.
Falcone et al40Paediatric trauma unit in level 1 paediatric trauma centre (USA).Paediatric trauma teams.An average team of around 6 members from:
Paediatric surgeons (n=11).
Emergency medics (n=7).
Surgical residents (n=72).
Nurses (n=60).
Critical care fellows (n=4).
Paramedics (n=2).
Respiratory therapists (n=4).
Fransen et al47Obstetric unit (The Netherlands).Multiprofessional obstetric teams.Included gynaecologists, obstetricians, secondary care midwives and/or resident nurses.
Hor et al36Two general intensive care units in a major metropolitan teaching hospital (Australia).Intensive care unit staff teams.Included senior and junior doctors, senior and junior nurses, medical and nurse managers, ward clerks, receptionists, and allied health professionals.
Iedema et al37Emergency departments of two large teaching hospitals (one metropolitan, one regional; Australia).Emergency department staff.Paramedics, emergency department medics and nursing clinicians.
Iedema and Carroll41Acute outpatient spinal clinic in a local metropolitan teaching hospital (Australia).Multidisciplinary care team.Doctors, nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, dietitians, social workers and peer support workers.
Iedema et al38Intensive care unit and mixed surgical wards in two metropolitan teaching hospitals (Australia).Intensive care unit and surgical ward staff.107 nurses, 44 doctors, 9 allied health professionals and 17 administration and cleaning staff.
Iedema et al42Acute outpatient spinal pressure area clinic in a local metropolitan teaching hospital (Australia).Outpatient unit teams.Medical, nursing and allied health staff.
Iedema et al43Intensive care unit (Australia).Intensive care unit staff.Multidisciplinary teams of healthcare practitioners.
Make-up of the teams unspecified.
Lehner et al44Paediatric trauma unit (Germany).Paediatric trauma unit.14 physicians including paediatric surgeons, intensivists, emergency medics and anaesthetists.
4 paediatric nurses.
Patterson et al45Paediatric emergency department (USA).Paediatric emergency department.Physicians: 51%.
Nurses: 32%.
Paramedics: 4%.
Respiratory therapists: 3%.
Patient care assistant: 4%.
Other: 7%.
Patterson et al48Level 1 paediatric trauma centre (USA).All healthcare providers in emergency department.Faculty and staff physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, paramedics, patient care assistants, and medical residents.
Ross et al49Tertiary hospital trust providing a range of specialist older persons services (UK).Staff involved in the provision of elderly care.Healthcare assistants, nurses, physiotherapists and medical staff.