Table 2

Article settings and team types

AuthorSettingTeam typeTeam size/composition
Allan et al 46 24-bed dedicated paediatric cardiac intensive care unit (USA).Paediatric cardiac intensive care teams.Nurses (n=127).
Cardiology, cardiac surgery and cardiac critical care fellows (n=44).
Paediatric cardiac intensive care unit attending physicians (n=6).
Respiratory therapists (n=2).
Nurse practitioners (n=3).
Aveling et al 39 Lung cancer teams in 30 National Health Service hospitals (UK).Lung cancer teams.Minimum requirement of:
A clinical lead (physician).
A clinical nurse specialist.
A multidisciplinary team coordinator.
Carroll et al 25 Intensive care unit in a tertiary referral and teaching hospital (Australia).Intensive care unit teams.Included clinical specialists, specialist intensivists, nurses and allied health professionals.
Falcone et al 40 Paediatric trauma unit in level 1 paediatric trauma centre (USA).Paediatric trauma teams.An average team of around 6 members from:
Paediatric surgeons (n=11).
Emergency medics (n=7).
Surgical residents (n=72).
Nurses (n=60).
Critical care fellows (n=4).
Paramedics (n=2).
Respiratory therapists (n=4).
Fransen et al 47 Obstetric unit (The Netherlands).Multiprofessional obstetric teams.Included gynaecologists, obstetricians, secondary care midwives and/or resident nurses.
Hor et al 36 Two general intensive care units in a major metropolitan teaching hospital (Australia).Intensive care unit staff teams.Included senior and junior doctors, senior and junior nurses, medical and nurse managers, ward clerks, receptionists, and allied health professionals.
Iedema et al 37 Emergency departments of two large teaching hospitals (one metropolitan, one regional; Australia).Emergency department staff.Paramedics, emergency department medics and nursing clinicians.
Iedema and Carroll41 Acute outpatient spinal clinic in a local metropolitan teaching hospital (Australia).Multidisciplinary care team.Doctors, nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, dietitians, social workers and peer support workers.
Iedema et al 38 Intensive care unit and mixed surgical wards in two metropolitan teaching hospitals (Australia).Intensive care unit and surgical ward staff.107 nurses, 44 doctors, 9 allied health professionals and 17 administration and cleaning staff.
Iedema et al 42 Acute outpatient spinal pressure area clinic in a local metropolitan teaching hospital (Australia).Outpatient unit teams.Medical, nursing and allied health staff.
Iedema et al 43 Intensive care unit (Australia).Intensive care unit staff.Multidisciplinary teams of healthcare practitioners.
Make-up of the teams unspecified.
Lehner et al 44 Paediatric trauma unit (Germany).Paediatric trauma unit.14 physicians including paediatric surgeons, intensivists, emergency medics and anaesthetists.
4 paediatric nurses.
Patterson et al 45 Paediatric emergency department (USA).Paediatric emergency department.Physicians: 51%.
Nurses: 32%.
Paramedics: 4%.
Respiratory therapists: 3%.
Patient care assistant: 4%.
Other: 7%.
Patterson et al 48 Level 1 paediatric trauma centre (USA).All healthcare providers in emergency department.Faculty and staff physicians, nurses, respiratory therapists, paramedics, patient care assistants, and medical residents.
Ross et al 49 Tertiary hospital trust providing a range of specialist older persons services (UK).Staff involved in the provision of elderly care.Healthcare assistants, nurses, physiotherapists and medical staff.