Table 3

Factors associated with the use of optional double-checking (n=1577 administrations)

Related factorsOR of double-checking (95% CI)P value
Ward<0.0001
 ARef.
 B0.58 (0.37 to 0.91)
 C0.9 (0.51 to 1.59)
 D0.7 (0.38 to 1.26)
 E0.31 (0.18 to 0.52)
 F0.33 (0.21 to 0.52)
 G0.49 (0.30 to 0.80)
 H0.34 (0.18 to 0.64)
 I1.94 (0.93 to 4.04)
Years of experience0.0005
 0–2Ref.
 2–50.52 (0.36 to 0.75)
 5–100.38 (0.25 to 0.59)
 10–150.56 (0.34 to 0.90)
 15–200.61 (0.39 to 0.95)
 20–250.65 (0.45 to 0.95)
 ≥250.79 (0.48 to 1.31)
No. of multitasks0.03
 0Ref.
 10.68 (0.46 to 0.99)
 ≥20.49 (0.24 to 1.02)
eMM versus paper system0.48 (0.37 to 0.62)<0.0001
Route*0.02
 OralRef.
 Inhalation1.28 (0.80 to 2.04)
 Other†1.76 (1.15 to 2.67)
Time of day0.01
 07:00–<10:00Ref.
 10:00–<14:001.23 (0.88 to 1.71)
 14:00–<18:000.80 (0.50 to 1.29)
 18:00–<22:001.57 (1.13 to 2.18)
  • *All IV and IV injection administrations required double-checking.

  • †Other includes ear, eye, nasal, rectal, subcutaneous injection, topical, transdermal, intramuscular injection.

  • eMM, electronic medication management.