Table 1

Sample characteristics

PhysiciansNurses
n5044
Mean age (SD)39.12 (6.38)37.82 (11.75)
 Range (median)28–53 (39)25–64 (33)
Gender
 Male32 (64%)4 (9%)
 Female18 (36%)40 (91%)
Race
 White40 (80%)41 (93%)
 Hispanic1 (2%)2 (5%)
 Asian7 (14%)
 More than one race2 (4%)1 (2%)
Highest professional degree
 Medical degree (physician)45 (90%)
 Medical degree (physician) and PhD4 (8%)
 Bachelor’s34 (77%)
 Master’s5 (11%)
 Associate’s (2-year degree)4 (9%)
 Doctorate of Nursing Practice1 (2%)
 Other1 (2%)
Mean years since receiving highest degree (SD)11.22 (6.89)9.72 (9.40)*
 Range (median)1–26 (9)0–42 (6)
Country of medical education
 USA49 (98%)44 (100%)
 Israel1 (2%)
Mean years of experience since completing residency (physicians) or nursing training (SD)7.82 (6.26)12.66 (11.27)
 Range (median)1–23 (5.5)1–42 (7.50)
Mean clinical hours/month (SD)96.49 (38.38)133.09 (40.76)*
 Range (median)20–160 (96)15–250 (144)
Type of practice
 Small private practice1 (2%)
 Small community hospital11 (22%)19 (43%)
 Large university hospital29 (58%)24 (55%)
 Other
  Medium community hospital3 (6%)
  Large community hospital3 (6%)1 (2%)
  Multiple affiliations3 (6%)
Academic affiliation
 Non-academic10 (20%)11 (25%)
 Academic37 (74%)33 (75%)
 Hybrid3 (6%)
  • *Data missing for one participant.