Table 2

Outcome measures of studies

ProximalProcess outcomesInterest by patients, patient recruitment/participation (rates), attrition rate after consent, referral rates (by in-hospital healthcare professional, doctors), uptake of medication reviews by pharmacists.
Identification of issuesIdentification of medication-related problems, adherence issues, supply, guideline recommended treatment, patient understanding, healthcare needs.
Resolving issuesReported differences of medication-related problems before and after medication reviews.
DistalHospital readmissionsRate of readmissions.
Healthcare utilisationEmergency department visits, visits to general practitioners.