Table 2

Univariate and multivariable linear regression analyses for emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and personal accomplishment

Emotional exhaustionDepersonalisationPersonal accomplishment
n=251n=205n=251n=205n=251n=205
UnivariateMultivariableUnivariateMultivariableUnivariateMultivariable
β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)
Constant1.33 (1.06 to 1.61)1.27 (0.97 to 1.57)4.42 (4.05 to 4.78)
Moral distress†0.33 (0.23 to 0.42)0.18 (0.09 to 0.26)0.23 (0.15 to 0.32)0.19 (0.10 to 0.28)−0.14 (−0.24 to −0.04)−0.06 (−0.17 to 0.05)
Sociodemographics
 Sex (0=male)0.08 (−0.15 to 0.31)−0.04 (−0.24 to 0.16)0.22 (−0.42 to −0.02)0.26 (−0.48 to −0.04)−0.21 (−0.43 to 0.01)−0.14 (−0.41 to 0.13)
 Age†−0.10 (−0.20 to 0.00)−0.09 (−0.23 to 0.04)0.20 (−0.28 to −0.11)0.20 (−0.34 to −0.05)−0.10 (−0.20 to −0.00)−0.08 (−0.26 to 0.10)
 Years of experience in current job†−0.07 (−0.17 to 0.03)0.06 (−0.07 to 0.20)0.17 (−0.25 to −0.08)0.03 (−0.15 to 0.17)−0.09 (−0.19 to 0.00)−0.05 (−0.23 to 0.12)
 Working hours/week†−0.04 (−0.15 to 0.06)−0.04 (−0.14 to 0.06)0.12 (0.03 to 0.20)−0.04 (−0.15 to 0.06)0.12 (0.03 to 0.22)0.10 (−0.03 to 0.24)
 Preschool or young child at home (0=no)0.09 (−0.18 to 0.36)−0.08 (−0.29 to 0.13)0.20 (−0.03 to 0.44)−0.03 (−0.26 to 0.19)0.13 (0.13 to 0.39)0.07 (−0.21 to 0.35)
 Profession (0=physician and 1=nurse)0.07 (−0.18 to 0.32)−0.13 (−0.37 to 0.10)−0.32 (−0.53 to −0.10)−0.38 (−0.63 to −0.12)−0.33 (−0.57 to −0.09)−0.15 (−0.46 to 0.16)
Personality
 Agreeableness†−0.13 (−0.23 to −0.03)−0.02 (−0.10 to .06)−0.14 (-0.23 to −0.05)−0.03 (−0.12 to .05)0.20 (0.10 to .30)0.12 (0.01 to .22)
 Conscientiousness†−0.05 (−0.15 to .05)−0.01 (−0.07 to 0.09)−0.11 (−0.19 to −0.02)−0.03 (−0.12 to 0.06)0.18 (0.08 to 0.28)0.12 (0.01 to 0.23)
 Extraversion†−0.12 (−0.22 to −0.02)−0.02 (−0.10 to 0.06)−0.07(−0.16 to 0.01)−0.03 (−0.12 to 0.05)0.21 (0.11 to 0.30)0.17 (0.06 to 0.27)
 Neuroticism†0.32 (0.23 to 0.41)0.09 (0.00 to 0.17)0.07 (−0.01 to 0.16)−0.03 (−0.12 to 0.07)−0.12 (−0.22 to −0.02)−0.05 (−0.16 to 0.07)
 Openness†0.04 (−0.06 to 0.14)−0.04 (−0.12 to 0.03)0 (−0.09 to 0.08)−0.02 (−0.11 to 0.06)0.13 (0.03 to 0.22)0.09 (−0.01 to 0.19)
Work–home balance
 Negative work-to-home spillover†0.53 (0.46 to 0.61)0.36 (0.27 to 0.46)0.30 (0.22 to 0.38)0.11 (0.01 to 0.22)−0.10 (−0.20 to 0.00)0.04 (−0.09 to 0.16)
 Negative home-to-work spillover†0.40 (0.31 to 0.49)0.11 (0.02 to 0.20)0.29 (0.21 to 0.37)0.18 (0.08 to 0.28)−0.18 (−0.28 to −0.08)−0.11 (−0.23 to 0.01)
Fixed effects dummies (0=ICU 1)
 ICU 20.07 (−0.13 to 0.27)0.19 (−0.02 to 0.41)−0.02 (−0.29 to 0.25)
 ICU 30.12 (−0.21 to 0.45)0.01 (−0.35 to 0.37)0.26 (−0.18 to 0.70)
 ICU 4−0.24 (−0.50 to 0.02)−0.10 (−0.38 to 0.18)0.22 (−0.12 to 0.57)
 ICU 50.16 (−0.13 to 0.45)0.02 (−0.30 to 0.33)0.37 (−0.01 to 0.76)
 ICU 60.15 (−0.7 to 0.36)0.26 (0.03 to 0.50)0.24 (−0.05 to 0.53)
Model R-squared0.52*0.35*0.23*
  • Significant results are shown in bold.

  • *P<0.001.

  • †Independent variable scales have been transformed into z-score scales.

  • ICU, intensive care unit.