Table 1

Study outcomes and definitions

OutcomeDefinitionGoalEffect of PIPA
Inpatient length of stayLength of stay (hours)
Early administration of bronchodilator via metered-dose inhaler (MDI)MDI: (1) ordered at admission, (2) first ordered at 1 hour frequency or (3) first ordered at 2-hour frequency.
Screening for secondhand tobacco smoke exposureDocumented screening for secondhand tobacco smoke exposure.
Referral of caregivers to smoking cessation resourcesDocumented referral to cessation resources for caretakers that screen positive for tobacco use.
  • PIPA, Pathways for Improving Paediatric Asthma Care.