Table 2

Association between catheter appropriateness and risk of complications

Appropriate PICC placement (n=15 128), no. (%)Inappropriate PICC placement (n=23 464), no. (%)OR (95% CI)P value
Occlusion5723.78%299812.78%0.25 (0.21 to 0.29)<0.001
CLABSI1360.90%4902.09%0.61 (0.46 to 0.81)0.001
VTE2141.41%9253.94%0.40 (0.33 to 0.47)<0.001
All complications8845.84%413017.60%0.29 (0.25 to 0.34)<0.001
  • Mixed-effects logistic model including hospital random effects and year fixed effects. All models control for patient characteristics (sex, age, Charlson Comorbidity Score, BMI, history of cancer, indication of current CVC at time of PICC placement, line duration).

  • BMI, body mass index; CLABSI, central line-associated bloodstream infection; CVC, central venous catheter; PICC, peripherally inserted central catheter; VTE, venous thromboembolism.